The Advantages of Vitamins and Minerals

One of the first things you can do is make certain your diet is rich in Vitamins and Minerals. Vitamins and Minerals are a class of vital nutrients that have to be obtained from the foods you eat. Vitamins come as either water soluble or fat soluble.

The water soluble Vitamins consist of the family of nutrients classed as the B Vitamins. These consist of Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, folic acid, B12 and biotin. B Vitamins are recognized as the energy production Vitamins as they power the enzymes that convert foods into energy. B Vitamins such as B12 and B6 are found in animal products, whereas other B Vitamins such as folic acid and B3 are found in plant foods. Sports nutritionist London recommends eating nuts, seeds, meat and fish for good sources of B Vitamins. Particular B Vitamins are also essential to lessen a toxic amino acid called homocysteine from accumulating in the blood. Increased homocysteine levels have been found to be associated with all cause mortality.

Vitamin C is another water soluble vitamin it is also an antioxidant that assists support the immune system and plays a role in collagen synthesis and wound healing. Oranges are most associated with containing vitamin C however cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, tomatoes and peppers are richer in vitamin C.

The fat soluble Vitamins include vitamin A, D, E and K and other fat soluble antioxidants such as beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin. Vitamin A is found in animal products such as butter and milk and is essential for the lungs, skin and GI tract. Beta carotene gives plants such as carrots and sweet potato its orange colour and can be converted to vitamin A in the body. It also acts as an important antioxidant to safeguard the eyes amongst other things.

Vitamin E is found in nuts, seeds, avocado and plant oils. It is an antioxidant and particularly important for cardiovascular health. Vitamin K is found in liver and green vegetables and helps the formation of bone and assists blood to clot.

Vitamin D is acquired via the action of sunlight on the skin that converts cholesterol into vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential for bone health, the immune system and neurological health. Vitamin D can be acquired in the diet through eating oily fish, however throughout winter months a supplement may be very useful. Sports nutritionist London recommends vitamin D supplementation through the winter months to make certain you have sufficient levels in your body. Beta carotene gives plants such as carrots and sweet potato its orange colour and can be converted to vitamin A in the body. It also acts as an essential antioxidant to safeguard the eyes amongst other things.

Minerals and trace elements are organic compounds and metals found in minute amounts in food. Minerals include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and molybdenum. Minerals are essential for nerve and muscle function, bone formation and act as antioxidants.

Trace elements include zinc, iron, copper, selenium, iodine, manganese and chromium. It is particularly important to acquire zinc as it is used in more than 300 chemical reactions in the body. The best source of zinc is animal products. These nutrients are vital for converting food to energy, boosting the immune system and carrying oxygen in the blood. Meat, vegetables, nuts and seeds are excellent sources of Minerals and trace elements.

If you are looking for a nutritional therapist in London to help you get the very most from your food then contact the author for more information.

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